In the Q&A portion of John Mueller’s hangout on 09/17/2021, one webmaster was concerned about Search Console being inaccurate in rankings.
The webmaster was curious about which is right—Search Console checks rankings, or they don’t rank at all.
John explained that Search Console does not invent rankings. In fact, it uses real-world data based on what people saw in the search results.
He also explained that sometimes, the search results can be really hard to figure out in terms of where your page is actually being shown. Also, these rankings can change over time.
The question and answer happen at around the 39:08 mark in the video.