In John Mueller’s hangout on 09/17/2021, a webmaster was asking about competing with other e-commerce sites. He wanted to know how to do SEO in such a way that guarantees results.
John explained that nothing is guaranteed. But he also said that having some information on a category page is good.
He thinks it’s most effective to have clear, separate pages for different user intents.
It makes it easier for their systems to decipher what’s on the website and it makes it easier for users as well.
Otherwise, it can be tricky for Google’s systems to figure out the user intent of the page.
This discussion happens at approximately 6:12 in the video: