One SEO professional asked John Mueller about having separate indices for individual countries.
So one of their clients is in India. When they do a site: Google Search Operator, they have, perhaps, X number of URLs. And these URLs may have been indexed.
Their question was: they have been noticing many clicks from different countries, but there are a few countries where there are no clicks.
There is no abstract in Google Search Console or Google Analytics. There isn’t even one session.
But, those are in those particular countries.
But, if they do a site colon (site:) search, and their particular domain, they will see 40,000-50,000 URLs. But in their own country, they would see only 500 URLs.
That’s the usual amount of pages that they have for that particular client.
How can this be possible because they also make sure their staging domains are blocked.
But countries that have no relevant traffic, clicks, or impressions, or sessions, how can they get 40,000 to 50,000 in the site colon search operator? How are these numbers possible?
John explained that he believes there are two things at play. First, Google does not have separate indexes for individual countries.
It’s not the case that they have one index for India, or another index for Hong Kong, or whatever the case may be.
It’s really just one index, along with many data centers around the world.
For the most part, this evens itself out over time. And if something is crawled and indexed in one data center, then it’s visible in most data centers fairly quickly.
From their perspective, it’s not that there is a different quantity of pages indexed in different countries, as this should definitely not be the case.
The other thing to keep in mind is that the number is shown for things like site queries and these are not meant for diagnostics purposes.
This is not a reflection of what Google actually has indexed.
This happens at approximately the 03:59 mark in the video.